The improvement of forest trees by selection and breeding.

  • A.F. Mitchell British Forestry Commission.
Keywords: Tree improvement, tree breeding, natural selection, artificial selection, hybrids, tree seed-orchards, species selection, vegetative propagation, silviculture, seeds.


THE first step in establishing a plantation is to select the species which is most suitable for the site and the future requirements of produce. Until recently selection ended at this stage. Seed of the species decided upon was obtained from wherever it was cheapest or most convenient. Exotic species with very wide geo-graphical and altitudinal ranges were planted on a large scale during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, but it was only towards the end of the nineteenth century that the importance of the actual area of origin began to be realised...
How to Cite
Mitchell, A. (1963) “The improvement of forest trees by selection and breeding.”, Irish Forestry. Available at: (Accessed: 2February2023).